Kaspersky Antivirus for PC Info – About This Security Solution and Its Flexible Subscription Plans

Kaspersky antivirus products are always worth using – especially for Windows users. Of course, this is not limited to Windows. There are subscription options that cover use on many devices, including Mac, Android and iOS. Keep in mind that this company has won more awards than any other cybersecurity company, so if you want to get excellent protection for your computer, this product is the best choice. There are tons of positive reviews of Kaspersky Antivirus for PC.
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It protects against all kinds of viruses, malicious programs, suspicious websites, phishing scams, ransom programs, and so on. offers protection. Security is designed to protect your computer from interference. It runs smoothly and quietly in the background and accepts automatic updates so that you know that your antivirus is always updated.

There are different levels of protection to choose from: Basic, Internet Security and General Security. The free version of Kaspersky Antivirus for PC provides basic protection, but nothing else. Internet Security includes all the tools required to prevent malicious attacks and detect malware behavior, as well as privacy tools that will help keep all your online transactions and banking information safe.
You can also upgrade your antivirus by paying a one-year, two-year or three-year fee to protect 3 to 5 computers. If you have a home network or small business that needs security, this is a good choice. It automatically scans your computer for threats, including new “crypto-mining” infections that can seriously damage your computer if you don’t manage it properly. If your computer is infected, Kaspersky technology can help you save and reset it.

Installing and managing Kaspersky Antivirus for PC

Another advantage of these products is that they are very easy to install and manage. Technical support is available for all types of users, including home computer users, small businesses, medium and enterprise level businesses. When you log in to My Kaspersky account, you will be able to manage security from anywhere.

If you have an old computer, read the system requirements to make sure you can run the antivirus effectively. All versions of Windows above Vista are supported. It is recommended that you have at least 2 GB of RAM and 1 GB of hard disk space. Kaspersky products are also available for Mac users.

Before choosing and upgrading your subscription, you can always try the free trial version of Kaspersky Antivirus for PC. Coupons are available when you want to upgrade and they help you lower the price significantly.

New digital threats are emerging every day, so don’t delay getting protection. As long as you use Kaspersky Antivirus for PC promo codes, you should be able to get it at an affordable price. It’s time to start protecting your computer!


Modular Water Treatment Systems for Drinking Water in Disasters

Modular or portable water treatment systems have many uses in many cases, such as travelers, campers and survivors around the world. For years, the military has used these systems to filter pathogens and debris from the water.
Global warming and constant changes in weather conditions have had many devastating effects in many parts of the world. Natural disasters, such as earthquakes, tsunamis, torrential rains, floods, floods, and so on, occur in many lands. Although the situation of people living in these different parts of the world may be different, they have one thing in common – they all need safe, clean and fresh water sources for sanitation and drinking purposes. In such cases, a modular water treatment system is a savior that immediately creates a safe and clean source of drinking water for human use.
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In the event of a disaster, modular water treatment plants are the perfect solution where they are needed immediately due to water service disruptions. It is important to have safe water as soon as possible for medical emergencies and other emergency needs during a disaster.
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Clean water supply ensures normal life. Humans and animals cannot live without drinking water. Water replenishes body fluids. The number of diseases related to water pollution is increasing in the affected areas. This can be prevented by installing modular or portable water purifiers. Regardless of the type of contaminant present in the area, these devices can control disease-causing bacteria. The operation of modular water treatment equipment is simple. The company technicians are there to teach them what to do and how to work and go.
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There is no best time for disasters to occur. However, it is convenient to be sure that it will always help to prepare and provide clean and safe water for use as soon as possible.
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Modern technology has developed great solutions such as solar water treatment. Among the possibilities, devices with solar filters will be put into operation in the near future. These solar devices are very useful because they can be used in many disaster areas where other types of filtration will not work due to lack of electricity.
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This truth will never change: there is nothing that mankind needs more than fresh water. This need is very real. Technology will have to find better ways and constantly develop tools to extract it from polluted water sources and reach remote areas where people can have safe water to drink and survive.
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Virtual Currency Games

The dream of every little boy (and many grown men) to make money by playing video games is getting closer to reality. The recent release of HunterCoin and the evolving VoidSpace, a game that rewards players in digital currency rather than virtual princes or gold stars, point to a future where one’s scoreboard rating can be rewarded with dollars, pounds, euros and yen.
The story of a millionaire (virtual) real estate agent …

Digital currencies are slowly maturing in terms of both functionality and financial infrastructure, allowing them to be used as a reliable alternative to non-virtual fiat currency. Although Bitcoin, the number one and most popular cryptocurrency, was created in 2009, it has been using forms of virtual currencies in video games for more than 15 years. Ultima Online in 1997 was the first notable attempt to bring large-scale virtual economy into the game. Players could collect gold coins by completing quests, fighting monsters, and finding treasures, and spending them on armor, weapons, or real estate. It was an early embodiment of virtual currency, as it existed purely within the game, although it reflected the real world economy to the extent that it was subject to inflation as a result of game mechanics that ensured that Ultima’s currency had an endless supply. gold coins to kill monsters and thus collect.
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Launched in 1999, EverQuest took the virtual currency game one step further, allowing players to buy virtual goods from each other in the game, even though the game’s designer banned the sale of virtual goods to each other on eBay. In the entertaining real-world phenomenon explored in Neal Stephenson’s 2011 novel Reamde, Chinese players or “golden farmers” were hired to play EverQuest and other similar games full-time in order to gain experience points to upgrade their characters. thus making them stronger and more demanding. These characters would then be sold to Western players who did not want or could not spend their hours to level their characters on eBay. Edward Castronova, a professor of telecommunications at Indiana University and an expert on virtual currencies, estimated that in 2002 EverQuest was the 77th richest country in the world, based on the calculated exchange rate of EverQuest as a result of real world trading. Between Russia and Bulgaria, and GDP per capita was higher than that of the People’s Republic of China and India.
Launched in 2003 and reaching 1 million regular users by 2014, Second Life is perhaps the most perfect example of a virtual economy to date, with its virtual currency, the Linden Dollar, which can be used to buy or sell in-game goods and services. can be converted to real world currencies through market-based exchanges. Between 2002 and 133, $ 3.2 billion in in-game virtual merchandise transactions were recorded over 10 years, and Second Life became a marketplace where both players and businesses could design, promote, and sell content. Real estate was a particularly lucrative commodity for commerce, and in 2006 Ailin Graef became the 1st Second Life Millionaire, converting an initial investment of $ 9.95 to $ 1 million in 2.5 years through the purchase and sale of virtual real estate and other players. . Examples such as Ailin are an exception to the rule, but in 2009 only 233 users earned more than $ 5,000 from Second Life activities.
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How to pay in dollars for the extraction of asteroids …

To date, the ability to generate non-virtual cash in video games has a secondary design, with the player having to go through unauthorized channels to exchange virtual loot or have a real-world creative ability or business acumen. could be sold for cash. This can be replaced by the emergence of video games from scratch around the “plumbing” of popular digital currency platforms. The approach adopted by HunterCoin is usually to “play” a fairly technical and automated process to create a digital currency. Unlike real-world currencies, which are created by the central bank, digital currencies are created by users “mined”. The main source code that allows a particular digital currency to work is called a blockchain, an online decentralized public book that records all transactions and currency exchanges between individuals.
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Since digital currency is nothing more than intangible information, it is more prone to counterfeiting than physical currency, as it is possible to make a duplicate of a currency, inflate it after it has been made for personal gain, or change the value of the transaction. To prevent this from happening, the blockchain is “police” by volunteers or “miners”, who check the reliability of each operation, making sure that the data is not changed with the help of specialized hardware and software. Although this is a time-consuming process, it is an automated process that requires a lot of processing power from the miner’s software. To reward a miner for approving a transaction, the blockchain releases a new digital currency unit and rewards them to encourage the network to maintain, thus creating a digital currency. Because it can take several days to several years for an individual to successfully produce coins, groups of users can pool their resources in a mining “pool” and use the combined processing power of their computers to extract coins faster.
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The game HunterCoin sits inside such a blockchain for a digital currency called HunterCoin. The act of playing a game replaces the automated process of extracting digital currency and, for the first time, does it manually and without the need for expensive equipment. Using strategy, time, and teamwork, players can go to the map to look for coins and find some and return safely to their bases (other teams try to stop them there and steal their coins) by depositing money. they include them in their digital wallets, a program typically designed to make and receive digital payments. 10% of the value of any coins deposited by players goes to the miners who keep the HunterCoin blockchain, plus a small portion of the coins lost when the player is killed and their coins fall to the ground. While the game’s graphics take time to collect major and significant rewards, HunterCoin is an experience that may seem like the first video game to have a cash prize built into its core function.

While still evolving, VoidSpace is a more polished approach to games in a working economy. Mass Multiplayer Online Role Play (MMORPG), VoidSpace, is built in a space where players explore an ever-growing universe, discover natural resources such as asteroids, and trade goods with other players to build their own galactic empires. Players will be rewarded for mining at DogeCoin, a more radical form of digital currency currently widely used for micro-payments on various social media sites. DogeCoin will be both a currency for in-game trading between players and a tool for in-game shopping. Like HunterCoin, DogeCoin is a legal and fully functional digital currency, and HunterCoin can be traded on exchanges such as Poloniex for both digital and real fiat currencies.

The future of video games?

Although the first days in terms of quality, the release of HunterCoin and VoidSpace is an interesting indication of what the next evolution for games could be. MMORPGs are now considered as a way to model the occurrence of epidemics, as the player’s unpredictable cholera reactions reflect how difficult aspects of recorded modeling of human behavior reflect real-world epidemics. Finally, in-game virtual economies can be thought of as a model for testing economic theories and preparing responses to mass failures based on observations of how players use digital currency at real value. It is also a good test for the functionality and potential applications of digital currencies, which promise to simply go beyond the means of exchange and, for example, move to areas of private digital ownership. Meanwhile, players have the opportunity to convert their watches in front of the screen into digital currency, and then into dollars, pounds, euros or yen.

But before you leave your daily work …

… it is worth noting the current exchange rates. It is estimated that a player can easily withdraw the initial registration fee of 1,005 HunterCoin (HUC) to join HunterCoin in a 1-day game. Currently, HUC cannot be exchanged directly for the US dollar, it needs to be converted to a more radical digital currency like Bitcoin. At the time of writing, HUC’s exchange rate for Bitcoin (BC) is 0.00001900, and BC’s ratio to USD is $ 384.24. 1 HUC was traded in BC, and then in US dollars, before any transaction fee was taken into account … it would be equal to $ 0.01 US dollars. This does not mean that the player will not be able to develop his own virtual CoinHunters team and will not be able to run the game automatically under the name of another player and run several “bot” programs that will earn money for them as well. but I’m sure that at the moment, such attempts could result in a significant change, even for everyday McDonalds. Unless players want to submit to intrusive in-game ads, share personal information, or join a game like CoinHunter built on the Bitcoin blockchain, the rewards are unlikely to be more than micro payments for a casual player. And maybe that’s a good thing, because if you get paid for something, it stops being a game anymore?

Stages of Market Mania

What is mania? It is defined as a mental illness characterized by great excitement, euphoria, delusion, and overactivity. When investing, it turns into investment decisions that are driven by fear and greed without being restrained by the analysis of risk and reward outcomes, cause or balance. Mania usually goes hand in hand with product business development, but timing can sometimes be crooked.

The Technology.com boom of the late 1990s and today’s cryptocurrency boom are two examples of how mania works in real time. This article will highlight these two events at each stage.

Idea Stage

The first stage of mania begins with a big idea. The idea is not yet known to many, but the potential for profit is great. This is usually translated as unlimited profit, because “nothing like this has happened before.” The Internet was one such case. People who use the paper systems of the time ask, “How can the Internet replace such a familiar and entrenched system?” as they were skeptical. The backbone of the idea begins to build. It turned into modems, servers, software, and websites needed to turn the idea into something real. Investments in the idea phase start poorly and are made by “knowing” people. In this case, it could be visionaries and people working on the project.

In the world of cryptocurrency, the same question is asked: How can a piece of cryptocurrency replace our monetary system, contract system and payment systems?


The first websites were rude, limited, slow and annoying. Skeptics look at the words “information superhighway” spoken by far-sighted people and ask, “Can this really be so useful?” The forgotten element here is that ideas start at worst and then turn into something better and better. This is sometimes due to better technology, larger scale and lower costs, better applications for the product in question, or more familiarity with the product combined with excellent marketing. On the investment side, early receivers enter, but there is still no euphoria and no astronomical returns. In some cases, the investment brought in a decent return, but not enough to attract the masses. This is similar to the slow internet connections of the 1990s, the failure of websites, or incorrect information in search engines. In the cryptocurrency world, this is accompanied by high mining costs for coins, slow transaction times, and account hacking or theft.


Word is starting to get that it’s a hot new thing on the internet and “.com”. Products and feel are built, but due to the massive scale involved, the cost and time would be huge before anyone could use it. As markets compromise business potential with the price of investment, the investment aspect of the equation begins to move forward with business development. Euphoria begins to take place, but only among those who accept it early. This is happening with the explosion of new “altcoins” in the cryptocurrency world and the large media space acquired by the space.


At this stage, the parabolic revenues and potential offered by the internet are predominant. Not much attention is paid to the application or the problem, because “the income is great and I do not want to miss.” The words “irrational excitement” and “mania” become commonplace as people buy out of greed. Negative risks and negatives and mostly ignored. Symptoms of mania include: Any company blushing in the name of var.com, analysis is thrown out the window in favor of optics, investment knowledge is becoming less noticeable among newcomers, there are 10 or 100 bagger income expectations. the general public and few people really know how the product works or not. This resulted in a perfect increase in the cryptocurrency world in late 2017 and an increase in the company’s shares by hundreds of percentage points using a “blockchain” in their name. There are also “reverse takeover offers” in which the names of listed but active shell companies are changed to something related to the blockchain and the shares are suddenly actively sold.

Accident and Burning

The business scene for a new product is changing, but not so quickly as the investment scene changes. Eventually, a shift in mindset occurs and a major sales frenzy begins. Variability is massive, and many “weak hands” have been removed from the market. Suddenly, re-analysis is used to justify that these companies have no value or are “overvalued.” Fear is spreading and prices are accelerating downwards. Companies that are not profitable and survive with hyperbole and future prospects are blown up. Growing scams and frauds to exploit greed are on the rise, leading to more fear and the sale of securities. Businesses with money are quietly investing in new products, but unless the profits are convincingly demonstrated, the pace of progress slows down because the new product is an “ugly word.” This is beginning to happen in the cryptocurrency world with higher incidence of folding lending schemes using cryptocurrencies and stealing coins. Some marginal coins lose value due to their speculative nature.


At this stage, the investment landscape is fraught with losses and bad experiences. In the meantime, a great idea is beginning to be felt, and for businesses that use it, it’s a boom. Begins to be applied in daily activities. The product is becoming standard, and visionaries say the “information superhighway” is real. The average user feels that the product has improved, and he begins mass adoption. Businesses with a real profit strategy get hit in the crash and burn phase, but if they have the money to survive, they move on to the next wave. This has not yet happened in the world of cryptocurrency. The expected survivors are those with a financial job claim and corporate support – but it remains to be seen which companies and coins they will be.

The Next Wave – Business is in full swing

At this stage, the new product is standard and the profit is obvious. Business is now more about profit and scale than the idea. This appears to be a second wave of investment, starting with survivors and extending to mania at another early stage. The next stage is characterized by social media companies, search engines and online shopping, which are derivatives of the whole original product – the Internet.

The result

Manias works on a model that plays in a similar way over time. After recognizing the stages and the thought process in each, it becomes easier to understand what is happening and investment decisions become clearer.

Radiation and Global Warming

Global warming (also called the greenhouse effect) describes a gradual rise in air temperature in the lower layers of the earth’s atmosphere.

The greenhouse is made entirely of glass. When sunlight (shortwave radiation) hits the glass, most of it passes through and heats the plants, soil and air inside the greenhouse. These objects emit heat as they heat up, but these heat waves have longer wavelengths than rays from the sun. This long-wave radiation cannot pass easily through the glass, it is irradiated back into the greenhouse and everything inside is heated.


The term greenhouse effect is used to describe the effect of certain gases on the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere under normal conditions.

Sunlight (shortwave radiation) easily passes through the Earth’s atmosphere. After it hits the earth’s surface and heats up, long-wave radiation radiates and returns to the atmosphere. Although some of this long-wave radiation or heat escapes into space, most is absorbed or captured by carbon dioxide and other gases present in small amounts in the atmosphere. Thus, these gases form a “blanket” that keeps the earth on average It’s 33 degrees it would be warmer if this greenhouse effect did not occur. Without these gases, the whole planet would be an icy steppe with an average temperature 16 degrees hot below the frost!


The growth of the human population and the consequent expansion of industry have led to more air pollution and changes in the composition of the earth’s atmosphere. Some pollutants increase the natural greenhouse effect, resulting in an increase in global atmospheric temperature.


* Many countries are reluctant to cope with the costly changes needed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, given the uncertainties surrounding the exact effects of global warming.

* The concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere will double in about 60 years from the pre-industrial concentration.

* In the next century, sea levels are expected to rise by 60 mm every decade.

* Two-thirds of South Africa’s population uses coal as a source of energy. Providing these people with electricity will result in a net reduction in CO2 emissions as a result of increased overall energy efficiency.


Reducing greenhouse gas emissions requires greater energy efficiency. Industrialists and governments play a key role here. What can an individual do?

– Reduce electricity consumption.

– Use elevator clubs, public transport, bicycles or your feet for transportation.

– Reduce energy, reuse, recycle and save – the production of all products requires energy.

Recycle Polycarbonate Plastics

The Canadian government’s latest move to ban polycarbonate plastic baby bottles has caused a great deal of concern about the use of plastic for food and drink. The focus also raised some issues related to the recycling of plastics.

There are seven categories of plastics, which are marked with a number surrounded by a recycling symbol. The numbers range from №1 to 7. They all have different chemical compositions and, as a result, determine their use.

Attention, it is on №7 plastic with PC (polycarbonate) mark next to it. In some cases, all you see is a PC. №7 plastics represent a combination of all other types of plastics. The addition of PC creates a lightweight, high-performance plastic with a unique balance of strength, dimensional stability, optical clarity and high thermal resistance. Therefore, we see this in many applications, including food containers and utensils.

The scary thing about the PC container is the addition of Bisphenol A (BPA), the main building block of polycarbonate plastic. In a food or beverage application container, studies have shown the migration of BPA from container to food. The big debate, of course, is how much BPA is in the food and how much should we consume before our hormones break down?

We will not answer that here. But let’s see how this plastic will affect recycling.

In fact, there is no change in the recycling practices of existing plastic containers. The collection on the edge of the curb and any warehouse will still collect # 7PC plastic without question. Mixed plastics will be shredded and transformed into new №7 plastics, and if production # 7 adds a lot of polycarbonate to the mix, some may have a personal computer purpose.

Plastics that should not be used for informational purposes only, such as food and beverage activities, include №3, №6 and №7. The safest plastics to use are # 1, # 2, # 4 and # 5. However, there are concerns about the reuse of plastic containers and the heating of food-grade plastics.

About Bamboo, Renewable Resource

Bamboo, the fastest growing plant, is a renewable source used for many things. It is a grass and grows faster than trees. A bamboo plant can grow about four feet in 24 hours, and a full plant will grow in about two months. Because it takes many years for a tree to grow back, it is faster to produce more bamboo while maintaining a high plant supply. If the plant is harvested by selective pruning, it can recover without replanting. It can also be harvested faster than trees and can produce 20 percent more wood than the same amount.

Bamboo grows all over the world and is native to all continents except Europe and the North and South Poles. China has the largest number of bamboos, and they have been making products from it for more than 3,000 years. The plant has green leaves that filter carbon dioxide and other harmful toxins into the air around us and produce 30 percent more oxygen than trees. Bamboo can survive drought or heavy rain. Bamboo plants have a large root system and a large cover that prevents soil erosion when there is a lot of rainwater. The roots of the plant absorb a lot of rain from the soil.

Bamboo is processed like most other materials before use. Sodium hydroxide is used for processing and is the same chemical used to make most cotton fabrics, including soap, food, paper and organic cotton. The chemical is safe when used properly. Most companies reuse sodium hydroxide to reduce waste. Although chemicals are used in the processing of bamboo, it is still environmentally friendly. The process can and will be improved in the future. Due to the large stock of bamboo that grows without replanting, it is grown without pesticides and fertilizers.

Bamboo is an excellent substitute for plastics and other products, as it will improve the environment and help you live a greener life. Bamboo products that replace plastic can be biodegradable and make them environmentally friendly. It is often used to replace plastic water bottles, pens, mats, shades and blinds, umbrellas, buckets, diapers, umbrellas and even toys.

Bamboo can replace many other things that people use because it is one of the strongest materials to work with. It is stronger than aluminum and more durable than oak. Companies use bamboo plants to make furniture, floors and other building materials. Materials made of bamboo are visually attractive, so you do not have to give up your style by switching to green. Bamboo fabrics are also used to make clothes. It is a better choice than cotton or polyester because it breathes, helps regulate your temperature, keeps you dry and resists odors.

Global Warming – Geological Perspective

Carbon-silicate cycle.

A recent study by Columbia University scientists found an interesting way to extract atmospheric carbon, which aims to reduce greenhouse gases and global warming. CO2 is converted to inert and solid minerals such as calcite when it comes in contact with peridotite, which is very common in the Earth’s mantle, but more rarely on the surface. In the Sultanate of Oman, large amounts of peridotite have been exposed on the surface, and geologist Peter Kelemen and geochemist Juerg Matter claim that the natural process can be intensified to produce underground minerals that can sustain two billion tons of CO2 released each year by human activity. Source – Reuters / IOL Timothy Gardner

Al Gore is campaigning to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and the Kyoto Protocol expires in 2012, however, we are not close to significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions. However, at this stage, I do not intend to deal with climate change, but rather to focus on an amazing system that will keep the Earth’s climate within certain limits for a long time, and this will keep our planet in good living conditions – carbon silicate. period.

We can have a negative impact on the climate for centuries and even decades, but if we look at the issues from a geological point of view, these man-made disturbances in the great broom of geological epochs are insignificant and will not affect them. long-term productivity of the planet. However, we can suffer a lot during these short-term earthquakes – an increase of 5 degrees will make large parts of our planet uninhabitable. A distorted sense of importance worries us about our future on Earth, but only if we accept that our superiority can be anything other than a lucky roll of the dice of evolution, and that the survival of the human species is irrelevant. As for the future of the planet, then we can to some extent stop worrying about our possible role in the grand scheme of the universe. Whether we like it or not, we will eventually perish, but life will continue in countless different forms until the last supernova of the sun.

But let’s move on from philosophy and speculation to our immediate surroundings and some harsh facts about how the Earth’s climate is maintained within these important boundaries. Most of us are aware of continental landslides and plate tectonics, where the Earth’s crust is reworked as slabs fall along the edges of the plates. Where the sinking plate melts, it descends into the flames of the Earth, and its constituent elements return to the rock age with volcanic activity.

One of the most important elements of this period is calcium, which is widely used by organisms, including humans, to form shells and bones. Add a little carbonic acid to the mixture, and calcium carbonate – CaCO3 is formed – is the most common form of limestone. Limestone is one of the most common sedimentary rocks and generally represents ancient coral reefs preserved in geological records. The development of coral reefs sequestrates large amounts of atmospheric carbon over millions, sometimes billions of years, until limestone enters a tectonic mill or is exposed to erosion and erosion agents. The more CO2 in the atmosphere, the sooner limestone will form, provided there is enough calcium.

The question is, what is the source of calcium? It is formed from igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks that are formed by volcanic activity as a result of plate tectonics. The same eruptions that scatter CO2 into the air deliver the chemicals needed to remove it, thus keeping everything in balance. Surprise! Wow!

Now we need a source of carbonic acid. Erosion of silicates – feldspars and micas in common rocks such as granite and sandstone forms calcium, silicon, water and all essential carbonic acids. Now, as we have already seen, the more CO2 there is, the faster limestone is formed, and the same CO2 is removed from the system. Similarly, the higher the concentration of CO2, the warmer the planet – a sad fact that we find in our value. This leads to an increase in evaporation, which in turn leads to an increase in rainfall and, consequently, an increase in weather conditions.

The greater the amount of erosion, the greater the formation of carbonic acid, which in turn leads to faster limestone production. This, of course, accelerates the removal of CO2 from the atmosphere and, as a result, cools the planet. Then cooling reduces the effects of air, carbon levels rise, and the Earth heats up again. What a beautiful, self-regulating, fantastic system! However, it will take several decades or more to overcome the change in atmospheric carbon. Cold comfort is to know that high levels of carbon in the atmosphere will probably be eliminated due to the carbon-silicate period, but certainly not in the near future. Using peridotite technology can be a short-term but expensive solution to remove carbon from the atmosphere, but although it takes several thousand years for these tires to turn, there is a more efficient machine for this.

Recycling of old car tires

Despite the best efforts of modern science, the tires of your car rarely stop as long as you park your car. Someday they will wear out or deteriorate and you will have to replace them. Many years ago, most people changed their tires themselves. At the time, old tires were a nightmare. Almost all of them were banned from city dumps and dumps. Many people who had no other choice threw their old tires into a roadside ditch at night when no one was looking. Several companies that are willing to take your old tires often burn them. Burning tires is an environmental disaster in almost every sense of the word. When a car tire is burned, arsenic, mercury, cadmium, lead, beryllium, chromium and other toxic and carcinogenic substances, dioxins, are released into the air. Heart disease and respiratory problems can also be caused by metal particles coming out of the burning tire. In addition, the natural resources involved in the production of the tire are wasted if the tire is burned.

Today all this has changed. It had to change, there really was no other option. It is estimated that 1.3 billion tires are sold each year, and more than two-thirds of these tires replace old tires. This means that about 1 billion tires are thrown around the world every year. Whereas 20 years ago only 10 percent of tires were recycled, today more than 80 percent are sent to recycling facilities. Recycling old tires is a good idea no matter how you look at it, and literally hundreds of programs have been developed to recycle old car tires.

Almost no one changes their tires, and recycling of old tires is generally done by professionals who do it in an environmentally safe way. When you pick up your car to change tires at a local garage or tire store, there is almost always a guarantee to recycle your old tires. Approximately 1 in 4 of these old tires are recycled and reused in another vehicle. In many parts of the world, old tires are ground and used to make or grind rubberized asphalt for highways, and are used as a base for gravel roads or as a sand or gravel substitute in some other road construction programs. Some old tires are cut and used as part of the surface for indoor tennis courts or other indoor sports fields. For many applications, recycling old tires is cheaper than collecting and recycling new tires.

Tire burning has not been completely eliminated, but it has improved to the point where it is both environmentally safe and recyclable. The raw material is recovered and recycled using a process called pyrolysis, which burns the tires in a reduced air environment or vacuum. A typical passenger car tire will produce one kilogram of steel, four liters of oil, about four kilograms of carbon, and 850 liters of reusable combustible gas as a result of this recycling process.

Reasons why global environmental problems call for international cooperation among scientists

The environment is the refuge of human life. In this century, its meaningless degradation requires the most urgent attention of scientists from all fields. Many environmentalists and biodiversity conservationists like me believe that the development of effective strategies to prevent these harmful attitudes and activities of people requires a pluralistic and multidisciplinary approach.

Relying solely on a cutting-edge approach to science and technology to address global environmental threats will not do much good. This is mainly due to the multifaceted nature of global environmental problems, which calls for good cooperation between different academic disciplines.

To set an example, the world needs economic and mathematical insights into how economists and mathematicians can effectively manage biodiversity resources and determine the right dimension between use and conservation (sustainability). Scientists, engineers and technocrats must come up with new technologies, such as biomimetics and other biotechnological approaches, to keep endangered species in our environment. Artists need to intensify their sensitization campaigns through their well-designed communication design tools. Anthropologists, bodybuilders, and theologians must draw strong lessons from their cultures (norms, religious beliefs, values, ethics, laws) and strategize how to change people’s weak and / or bad behaviors to adapt to and influence their morals. to protect the nature where people serve as guardians or overseers, to engage in environmentally friendly activities. Historians should help us keep track of what went wrong as we rubbed the global environmental situation in the mud. This will help us to know for sure what is wrong and how we can change the wrong decisions that people have made in the past so that the past does not continue to haunt us. Agricultural experts need to develop and inform us strategies for improved agricultural practices that will not worsen the global environmental situation, but will nourish the soil, save habitats and improve the growth of plant species in the environment. Foresters, conservationists and wildlife experts need to show us practical measures to reduce the abuse of biodiversity in the environment. When applied, legal experts need to strategize how strict laws are enacted that are strong enough to prevent perpetrators of environmental violations from changing their attitudes, while also being a strong deterrent to others from taking their wrong steps.

Law enforcement agencies, military professionals, and police officers must ensure that environmental laws, rules, and regulations work to strengthen the implementation of declared environmental policies, strategies, and conventions.

The introductions of each area of ​​human activity, some of which are not mentioned here, but will play an equally important role in the collective cessation of global environmental problems, can provide the most beneficial results to save the environment, our homes and people’s hopes for survival. human generations. Undoubtedly, the global environmental situation calls for international cooperation between scientists from different fields of research, if there is any hope of providing a powerful weapon to get rid of the deplorable state of the global environment.