Certain human activities produce gases known as Green House Gases. These activities include the burning of residual fuels such as coal, firewood and petroleum products in oil wells, car combustion engines and factories. Some of the heat energy that comes to us from the sun is usually reflected back. Green House gases in the atmosphere capture the reflected heat and cause an increase in global temperature. Environmentalists call this global warming.
The Role of Green Plants
Carbon dioxide is a major component of Green House gas. Green plants use carbon dioxide to produce food during photosynthesis. In return, they produce good gas and oxygen. Clearing forests for timber or building highways thus reduces the world’s natural ability to minimize global warming by regulating the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
Importance of awareness campaigns
Former US Vice President Al Gore has finally won the Nobel Peace Prize after efforts to make progress in the fight against global warming. One of his many activities is organizing concerts to raise awareness about global warming and its consequences for our planet. In the efforts of environmentalists to combat global warming, raising awareness around the world is truly a wise move, because the fight against global warming is something that the world must fight as a society if it is to succeed. In such a situation, if people were unaware of the problem, it would be impossible for them to know what role they would play.
The Role of Africa in Atmospheric Pollution
Industrialized countries are blamed for their role in the formation of greenhouse gases, which are responsible for global warming. As in Africa, developing countries are to blame. Oil-producing countries such as Nigeria and Angola are among the African countries that contribute to the pollution of oil wells by burning gas. Uncontrolled timber is another reason for the slowdown in efforts to combat global warming and is widespread in Africa. Many people in Africa lived in rural areas, and the main source of fuel for food was firewood from deforestation.
There is also the problem of corruption, which undermines afforestation programs. Because environmental laws are generally weak in African countries, organizations that do damage to the environment usually do very little to minimize such damage. Another complicating factor is corruption among government officials.
Everyone should work to solve the problem of global warming. Awareness of global warming and its catastrophic consequences in Africa is, unfortunately, low. Programs aimed at raising awareness about global warming are rare. In general, education is conducted in English. They were invited to the press in the form of a study and received training. They are then expected to pass the information on to the rest of the nation. Most people see global warming as a problem for the educated, but global warming is a complex issue that is not even understood by educated people. In addition, everything here usually ends at the theoretical stage.
Africa’s Contribution to Global Warming
Along with Vangari Mathai, who won the Nobel Peace Prize for his contribution to the fight against global warming, the concern did not go beyond the level of intellectual training of university and other higher education teachers. Many people here also believe that finding a solution to global warming is the responsibility of Western countries.
The way forward
The peoples of Africa need to make a material contribution to global warming. The first and most important aspect of our contribution is an aggressive awareness campaign on global warming. The campaign is not only to throw money into the program, but also to ensure that the money reaches the target. A pragmatic reforestation program is also important to replace trees that have been cut down for timber or used as firewood. The use of alternative materials for roofing and furniture production can also reduce the pressure on forest resources. We can also work to ensure that vehicles on our roads emit a minimum amount of gas that is harmful to the atmosphere. Constant and reliable eclectic power can minimize the amount of wood and coal used as an energy source in our homes and factories.